THE CONTRIBUTION OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES TO FOOD PRODUCTION (A Case Study Selected Agricultural Cooperative Societies In Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State)

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(A Case Study Selected Agricultural Cooperative Societies In Enugu North  Local Government Area, Enugu State)



1.1 Background to the Study

Agriculture, from the beginning of time, the first concern of man has been food clothing and shelter in that order.  Agriculture being one of the oldest industries, its origin can be traced to the earliest human societies.  the existence of man fro  the prehistoric era up to the era ancient civilization depended on the ability of the individual to hunt and gather food for consumption.  Food was, however the basic source of life which provided him energy in his wondering and constant struggle for survival.  However, with the realization that food was basic need for survival, efforts were made by early man to cultivate crops.

In spite of the limitations which agriculture is facing, it still remained the most important sector of the world economy.  Agriculture is a basic industry that supports all industries and all aspects of needs can justify from its role and contributions to nation building.   Between 75 – 80% of working population in rural areas engage in agriculture production (farming).  Some are provide jobs in the industries e.g. textile industry, Breweries and shoe industry.

Agriculture aids in rural development, with the location of industries that utilize agricultural produce in an area other investors go to rural areas to set up factories trade and operate business centers people are employed and paid to earn their living. Agricultural provides industrial raw material, textile mills required cotton, and plastic industries use rubber/latex.

Agricultural involves operational clearing of the land and the breaking-up of surface soil, the sowing for seeds, the removal of the weeds from the farm, the harvesting and storage of crops which are disposed of by marketing and the breeding and rearing of animals. All these Co-operatives can do in a number of different, which involve amounts of labour, time, expense and productivity.  Agricultural education is an area in agriculture that a concern with helping people to develop a desire to learn and teach agriculture.  This is a change of behaviour towards agricultural practices.

1.2  Statement Of Problem

Agricultural co-operatives are greatly involved in food production so as to improve the social and economic life of the members and the country as a whole.

In spite of these, agricultural co-operative are still experience low food production owning to some distributing factors, as it associated being studied.

1. High financial commitment in the formation of the agricultural co-operative of different size and types.

2. Members neglecting their obligations, participating in-group farm work in the farmland weeding, planting, harvesting and marketing of farm produce.

3. Procurement of farm inputs like high yielding seeds, stem and seeding, agro-chemical disinfectants and fertilizer.

4. Problems of marketing of produce and efficiently distribution and returns to inputs utilized.

1.3  Objective Of Study

In food production the study is aimed all examining the role of Agriculture Co-operative food production so as to benefit members and the society as a whole.  The purposes of this study are:

i. To identify the factor that can cause low food production in agriculture co-operative in (Enugu) North.

ii.  To investigate whether problem identified are associated with the agriculture co-operative society.

iii. To investigate the farms of supports and incentives provided by the government to the agriculture co-operatives if there are any.

iv. To find out the ways and methods that can be used in solving the problems of low food productivity.

1.4  Research Questions

To achieve the purpose or objectives of this study the following research questions were formulated.

i. What are the causes of the low food production among agriculture co-operative in Enugu North Local Government Area?

ii.  To what extent are the problem identified applied or associated with the agriculture co-operative societies being studied?

iii. Do agricultural co-operative receive incentives from the government?

iv.  What form does the incentives from government take?

v. What are the ways/methods that can afford possible solutions to the problems of low food production?

1.5  Significance Of Study

The findings of this research work will enable the society to know what to do in order to improve or enhance the economic activities of the society.  This research work will equally help the Federal government whose set objective is to use co-operative in rural development and increasing the production capacity of the country.

The producer of agricultural products will also benefit because their effective production will be assured through the effective and efficient management of the agricultural co-operatives in food production and there will be an increase in food supply and production in the country thereby leading to a fall in price of goods.  When this is achieved, the consumers and the general public will benefit.

When there is an efficient and effective management of agricultural produce in food production, the co-operative societies especially the rural based ones, it will help in development recommendations of this research work will also be of great benefit to other co-operative societies in the country as it well served as reference material from them.


The study on the contributions of co-operative to crop production was carried in Enugu North L.G.A in Anambra state involving some selected agricultural co-operative societies.

In an attempt to carry out this study, the researcher was faced with several constraints which include insufficiency of data, non-co-operative attitude of some members of the co-operatives visited resulting in their failure to deluge some vital information about their societies and how they do carry out their operations. The researcher was also handicapped by inadequacy of finance to take a more detailed research.

1.7  Definition Of Terms

1. Enterprise

This is institution of businesses that perform services and provides good for its members.

2. Integration

This is the act and measure towards influencing the level of enlightenment, understanding and consequently, personal emotional feeling of the member towards co-operative in a positive direction.

3. Patronage Refunds

These are special rights accrued to members in terms of surplus in proportion to the individual members turnover under payment in marketing co-operative.

4. Co-Operative Effect

The degree of extra satisfaction, which a member derives as a result of participation in the co-operative as compared to working done.

5. Sociological Group

This group of people with different roles, commons identify common value, internal structure, good level of communication etc.

6. Reserve Funds

Reserve funds are funds created and maintained with the co-operative business enterprise for different reasons but especially as a form of security against negative eventualities.

7. Co-operative Nisus

The functional relationship between members of business units, and co-operative business unit or the degree of integration between the private unit and the co-operative business enterprise.

This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research

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