Home » Education » AN EXAMINATION ON THE CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF TEACHING REFRIGERATION AND AIR ...

AN EXAMINATION ON THE CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF TEACHING REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES

Sold By: | Item Type: Project Material | Report this?  |  Attributes: 54 pages | 1-5 chapters | Amount: ₦5,000 | Marked useful: 365 times

Delivery: Within 24 hours

AN EXAMINATION ON THE CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF TEACHING REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Refrigeration and air conditioning, commonly referred to as RAC, play a crucial role in contemporary society, particularly in tropical areas such as Nigeria. The significance of RAC lies in its ability to ensure pleasant indoor conditions and safeguard perishable items. The comprehension of refrigeration and air conditioning encompasses the grasp of the fundamental principles of heat transfer, thermodynamics, and fluid mechanics, as they pertain to the processes of cooling and dehumidification. Within the realm of technical colleges, the pedagogical approach to instructing Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) entails the dissemination of theoretical principles, the cultivation of practical proficiencies, and the cultivation of experiential aptitude through direct interaction with apparatuses such as compressors, condensers, evaporators, and refrigerants. 

Refrigeration and air conditioning, undoubtedly, hold immense importance in diverse sectors of the Nigerian economy, encompassing agriculture, healthcare, manufacturing, and hospitality. It is imperative to have technicians who have received appropriate training in order to effectively undertake the tasks of designing, installing, maintaining, and repairing refrigeration and air conditioning systems. This is crucial in order to guarantee the optimal functioning and long-term viability of such systems. Furthermore, the significance of technical education in Nigeria and the necessity for curriculum reform to tackle the skills deficit in diverse industries, such as refrigeration and air conditioning, have been underscored by Ayoade (2017) and Ogbonna (2019). The user astutely highlights the significance of technical colleges in their emphasis on the provision of practical skills and vocational training, which are essential for meeting the ever-evolving demands of the labour market. Furthermore, the scholarly investigations conducted by Ogunleye et al. (2018) and Okoro et al. (2020) have meticulously scrutinised the obstacles encountered by technical education in Nigeria and put forth a series of methodologies aimed at enhancing the calibre and pertinence of vocational training initiatives. 

The implementation of effective RAC education in technical colleges encounters numerous challenges. The aforementioned challenges encompass a range of issues, such as insufficient infrastructure and laboratory facilities, a dearth of qualified instructors, an outdated curriculum, a lack of collaboration with industry, and restricted access to contemporary equipment and technology. In order to enhance the quality of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) education and effectively meet the increasing demand for skilled HVAC technicians in Nigeria, it is imperative for Nigerian technical colleges to address the following challenges: Enhancing the infrastructure and laboratory facilities will afford students the invaluable opportunity to engage in experiential learning and cultivate the practical competencies that are indispensable for their prospective professional trajectories. The act of updating the curriculum to align with industry standards and emerging technologies is of utmost importance as it guarantees that students are furnished with pertinent knowledge and skills. Engaging in collaborative efforts with industry stakeholders is of paramount importance as it serves to effectively bridge the gap that exists between theoretical knowledge and practical application. This invaluable collaboration not only offers students the opportunity to gain real-world exposure, but also opens doors to potential job prospects.  To this end, this study seek to examine the challenges and prospect of teaching refrigeration and air conditioning in technical colleges.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The pedagogy surrounding the instruction of refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) within technical colleges in Nigeria is confronted with a multitude of obstacles that impede the attainment of optimal learning outcomes and the adequate preparation of students for the industry. One of the primary obstacles that hinders the successful execution of RAC curriculum is the inadequate perception and limited understanding of the significance and potential of RAC education, both among students and the broader community. Consequently, this results in low enrollment and insufficient backing for related programmes in technical colleges in Nigeria. Furthermore, it is imperative to acknowledge that the presence of outdated curriculum presents a considerable predicament. This is primarily due to its inability to align with the rapid advancements in technology and industry standards. Consequently, this inadequacy leaves students ill-equipped to navigate and effectively engage with contemporary practices and state-of-the-art equipment. 

Furthermore, it is worth noting that there exists a dearth of resources, encompassing substandard equipment and facilities, thereby constraining the availability of hands-on learning opportunities and impeding the acquisition of practical experience. Similarly, the dearth of proficient educators amplifies a noteworthy predicament, as there exists an insufficient number of adept practitioners to bestow erudition and counsel upon students in an efficacious manner. Furthermore, the ever-evolving technological advancements in the realm of refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) necessitate a perpetual pursuit of knowledge and the continuous development of skills. This places an additional burden on technical colleges, as they struggle to remain abreast of these rapid changes. The aforementioned issues, when taken together, serve to undermine the overall quality of education in technical colleges pertaining to RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning). Furthermore, these issues also impede the sector's capacity to effectively address the demands of the industry and the economy at large. 

Nevertheless, notwithstanding the aforementioned challenges, it is important to note that there exist encouraging prospects for the instruction of refrigeration and air conditioning in Nigerian technical colleges. The prospects under consideration encompass various aspects, such as potential industry collaboration, the integration of recent technological advancements, and the promotion of career opportunities, among other potential avenues. 

 1.3 Objectives of the Study 

The objective of study is to investigate the challenges and prospect of teaching refrigeration and air conditioning in technical colleges in Makurdi. The study will specifically…,

Ascertain the extent Refrigeration and Air Conditioning(RAC) curriculum is effectively implemented in technical colleges in Makurdi.

Ascertain the challenges affecting the teaching of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning(RAC) in technical colleges in Makurdi.

Ascertain the prospects of teaching Refrigeration and Air Conditioning(RAC) in technical colleges in Makurdi.

1.4 Research Questions 

The study will be guided by the following research questions;

What is the extent Refrigeration and Air Conditioning(RAC) curriculum is effectively implemented in technical colleges in Makurdi?

What are the problems affecting the teaching of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning(RAC) in technical colleges in Makurdi?

What are the prospects of teaching Refrigeration and Air Conditioning(RAC) in technical colleges in Makurdi?

1.5 Research  Hypothesis

Ho: The effective teaching of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning(RAC) in technical colleges in Makurdi is not affected by numerous problems.

Ha: The effective teaching of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning(RAC) in technical colleges in Makurdi is affected by numerous problems.

 1.6 Significance Of Study 

This study will be of great importance to the development of the teaching in refrigeration and air conditioning in technical colleges in Makurdi. The study will also contribute immensely to the exploration of technical college and suggest possible solution to the problems identified.

Also, it will be significant to heads and directors of the existing technical colleges because it will address other unnecessary roles and problems that lead to the total collapse of subsequent technical colleges in other to avoid them and ensure efficiency and maximum prosperity.

1.7 Scope Of Study

The scope of this study borders on the problems and prospect of teaching refrigeration and air conditioning in technical colleges in Makurdi. This study will be carried out in Technical College, Benue State University.

1.8 Imitations Of The Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study. Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.

1.9 Definition of Terms

Technical & Vocational Education: This is the inclusion of basic technical and scientific knowledge with the skill based vocational programme.

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning: This involves the understanding the principles of heat transfer, thermodynamics, and fluid mechanics as they apply to cooling and dehumidification processes.


This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research



Delivery: Within 24 hours

  • Reference(s):

    Yes available

  • Methodology: Yes available


Advertise Here

For advertisement, call 08168958821

Not what you were looking for? Perform a search

What's your project topic?


Comment on Facebook: