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THE IMPACTS OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION ON NON-PROFIT MAKINGS ORGANIZATION A CASE STUDY OF GRACE OF GOD MISSION AWKUNANA

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THE IMPACTS OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION ON NON-PROFIT MAKINGS ORGANIZATION

(A CASE STUDY OF GRACE OF GOD MISSION AWKUNANA

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Abstract

This research project concerned a study of the impacts of accounting information on non-profit makings organization: A Case Study of Grace of God Mission. A sample of sixty-three members were made from the district. Investigations were carried on their financial control used both internally and externally, the accounting system and financial decisions/reporting adopted. This showed whether there was an efficient and effective financial record keeping in the church. Since the research aimed at investigating existing financial record keeping or practice the employment of descriptive method of research was found adequate. The main instruments used for the collection of primary data were the structured libraries and other research units served as secondary data. The researcher ensured that the questionnaire possessed to a large extent the characteristics necessary and adequate for the purpose of validity and reliability. Data collected were analyzed and presented with percentages and tables and hypothesis were tested with the chi-square (X2) statistics and the following results emerged.

The study revealed that the church keeps proper record of its accounts and that there is accountability and responsibility, every member of the finance council has to give account of the money entrusted to him. It also showed that the church makes yearly budget before expenses are incurred and that authorization and control of church expenditure is vested on the management team.

Based on the finds, both short and long term measures were recommended as ways of enhancing financial record keeping in religious organizations.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The applications of Accounting Information have contributed to the growth and development of every business entity. Non-profit making organization on the other hand has immensely benefited from accounting information to survive, integrate and stabilize in this current economic recession in the country. Any of the non-profit making organization that neglect the roles and impacts of accounting information will at the end of the day fold up.

Many churches today have split, folded up, merged with another due to claims that the church funds has been embezzled, diverged and mismanaged where the committee or the pastor concerned fails to present and document financial records of the church. This has created loopholes for the spreading of churches at every street and corners, hence churches are seen as the fastest means of making money.

1.1 Historical Background

Grace of God Mission started in the late seventies, but was registered as a corporate body under the “Land Perpetual Succession Act Lap 98” on 14th October, 1980.

Grace of God Mission as one of the leading and dynamic Pentecostal churches in Nigeria has a network of branches across each region of Nigeria and some branches outside Nigeria.

However, Awkunanaw began as a local church branch in 1984 under the pastoral care of late Rev. Raymond Iwundu. The church at Awkunanaw grew like mustard seed to its summit as a Division Headquarter in 1997 having five (5) district churches and 23 local churches under her control.

1.2 Statement Of Problem

The persistent increase in cost of ineffective management of accounting information in church has caused schisms, folding up, breaking away and springing up of mushroom churches.

This project proposes to examine whether the church can survive, grow, stabilize under this atmosphere.

To examine whether the inability of the pastor to keep adequate financial information is responsible for crisis and break up of churches.

To find out the problem that could likely be encountered or created where unqualified hand handles accounting information of the church.

1.3 Statement Of Hypothesis

The following hypothesis were formulated in order to find out the validity and reliability of information gathered.

H0: Church cannot break away where the pastor does not keep adequate financial information.

H1: The church can break away where the pastor keeps inadequate financial information.

H0: Accounting information may not create problems where unqualified hand handles it.

H1: Accounting information may create problems where unqualified hand handles it.

1.4 Objective Of The Study

Noted hereunder are specific objectives, which the project is designed to achieve:

To find out the impacts of accounting to non profit making organization.

To find out importance of accounting information to the church

To see how accounting information could b e applied in the church

To identity the problem created when accounting information is not used in the church

To find out the problem associated with unqualified hand handling accounting information.

1.5 Importance Of The Study

The critical analysis of this work will be very beneficial to non-profit making organizations especially the churches.

It will serve as a better information guide to churches who wish to apply accounting information. It will help all to appreciate the impacts of accounting information not to the non-profit making organization but to profit oriented businesses.

1.6 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

This work covers the area of impact of accounting accompanying accounting information to Non-profit making organization with reference to Grace of God Mission Awkunanaw.

During the course of the research, the researcher faced the following problems.

Financial constraint

Time constraint

Dearth of statistical information

Lack of adequate research facilities

1. Financial Constraint: For the fact that the researcher is a student, the lacked the necessary finance to carryout extensive research on the topic,

2. Time Constraint: The researcher as a student also have academic activities which limited the time used for the project other than what it would have been. Also considering the shortness of the semester and the time of submission of this project, there was not enough time left for the project work.

3. Death of Statistical Information: Facts were not easy to come about during the course of the project work. I was subjected to unnecessary protocol at the expenses of my limited time before getting some facts.

4. Lack of Adequate Research Facilities: The research was faced with lack of adequate research facilities like up-to-date information and non-availability of relevant textbooks. Most of the textbooks used for the project discussed on non-profit making organization as it related to social clubs, institution organizations., and cheatable organization.

1.7 Conceptual Definition Of Terms

The terms used in this project work has been simplified to enable even the least literate person to understand easily. To this end almost complete elimination of technical works or expressions has been made. This has been made in order to make sure that the information sought for from this work is got at a glance. Nevertheless, some few technical words may include:

1. Accounting

This is the act of recording, classifying and summarizing in a systematic manner and in terms of money, transactions and events which are, in part at least, of a financial character, and interpreting the result thereof.

2. Information

This is processed data. Data are merely facts and figures that have little to do with decisions.

3. Planning

It is setting goals and ways to achieve them

4. Surplus:

It is excess income over expenditure

5. Deficit

It is excess expenditure over income

6. Journal

A book of original entry listing transactions affecting general ledger accounts in chronological order in terms of their debit and credit amount.

7. Ledger

A book containing the individual accounts of a business entity.

8. Voucher

A written authorization to pay individual or company whose name appear in the vouchers. Usually contain the name of the individual or company to be paid, the amount of payment, signature authorizing of payment, the reasons for payment, signature authorizing the payment and the accounts to be debited or credited as a result of the payment.

9. GGM:

Grace of God Mission

10. Tithes

Calculated 10% of one’s income

11. Board Members

Members of Elders, Deacons and Deaconesses

12. Church Workers

The Exco of various wings and departments in the church.

13. Members

Those who do not hold any position in the church but they belong to the church.



1.8 Organization Of The Study

In order to have comprehensive approach towards the impacts of accounting information on non-profit making organization the researcher divided this work in five (5) chapters.

Chapter one deals with the introduction, brief history of the organization, statement of hypothesis, objective of study.

Chapter two deals with the literature review and the following topics were discussed under the following headings. Non-profit making organization, accounting information system, accounting document sources of income, accounting system, accounting basis, importance of accounting information, users of accounting information, impacts of accounting, dangers of unqualified hand handling accounting information.

Chapter three talks on research methodology and chapter four is on the presentation and analysis of data.

Finally, chapter five is on findings, summary, recommendation and conclusions.


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  • Reference(s):

    BIBLIOGRAPHY Anyafo, A.M.O (1997), God’s People’s Finance, UNEC Enugu, B&F Publications. Babalola, E.O (1976) Christianity in West Africa (A Historical Analysis), Ondo, Bamigboye and Co Press (Nig.) Ltd. Baridam Don M. (1995), Research Method in Administrative Science, Second Edition, Choba, Port Harcourt: University of Port Harcourt Publishing House. Cannon Law Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1976), The Code of Cannon Law, India: Collins Theological Publications. Catholic University of America (1967) The New Catholic Encyclopedia, Washington: Printed in USA. Emekekwue, P.E (1993), Principles of Public Finance, Kinshasa Zaire, African Bureau of Educational Sciences Special Agency of the Organization of African Unity. Eneasato, M.O. (1985) Advent and Growth of Catholic Church in Enugu Diocese, Enugu, Jet Publishers Nigeria Ltd. Freeman, J.R., Griag O.S and Lynn S. (1988), Government and Non- Profit Accounting Theory and Practice, Third Edition, New Jersey: Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall Inc. Harry, L.B. (1993), Design and Maintenance of Accounting Manuals, Second Edition, Heinemann: USA, John Wiley and Sons Inc. James, D.E and Horner A.B. (1976), The Modern Accountants Handbooks, USA, Jersey Inc. Jerome, K.P. (1979) The Encyclopedia of Accounting System, New York: Litton Educational Publishing Inc. Melicher, and Welshans (1986), Finance: Introduction to Markets, Institutions and Management, Eighty Edition, Ohio, South-West Publishing Company. Millichamp, A.H. (1986), Auditing: An Instructional Manual for Accounting Students, Fifth Edition, London: D.P. Publications Ltd Shepherds Bush Green. Okafor, K.O and Okoye E.I. (1996), Principles and Practice of Financial Accounting, Nkpor, Baset Printing and Publishing Limited. Oye, A. (2002), Financial Management, Papa Ajao Mushin Lagos, El-Toda Ventures Limited. Okpe, I.I (1998), Principles and Practice of Book Keeping and Accounts 1, Enugu, Ochumba Printing and Publishing Limited. Ogunbiyi, M.B (1992), Understanding Researcher in the Social Sciences, Ibadan: University Press PLC. Olademeji, A. (1985), Financial Management of Local Government in Nigeria, Ibadan, Fourth Dimension Publishers. Osisioma, B.C. (1996), Studies in Accountancy: Text and Reading, Enugu, Acene Publishers Limited. World Bank (1989), Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, Third Edition, New York: Harper and Row Publishers. Yamane, (1964), Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, Third Edition, New York: Harper and Row Publishers. Ubesie, M.C. (1998), Advanced Financial Accounting, Enugu, Computer Edge Publishers.

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